Российская наука и мир (дайджест) - Май 2000 г.
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Май
2000 г.
Российская наука и мир
(по материалам зарубежной электронной прессы)
январь февраль март апрель май июнь июль август сентябрь октябрь ноябрь декабрь
    ITAR-TASS / 05/06/2000
    Academician Abalkin awarded order
    Академик Абалкин награжден орденом "За заслуги перед Отечеством"

MOSCOW, May 6 /Itar-Tass/ -- Russian President-elect Vladimir Putin has signed a decree awarding Order "For Services for the Fatherland" to academician Leonid Abalkin, director of the Economics Institute at the Russian Academy of Sciences, for his scientific activities and high-skilled specialists training.

© 1996-2000 ITAR-TASS. All rights reserved.

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    ITAR-TASS / May 5, 2000
    Open tender for CIS scientists announced
    Объявлен открытый тендер для ученых бывшего Советского Союза для участия в программах исследований 2000 и 2001гг.

BRUSSELS,(Itar-Tass)-- The Brussels-based International Association for the Assistance to the Cooperation with CIS Scientists (INTAS) announced an open tender for participation in the research programs of 2000 and 2001 on Friday.
Some 30 million Euro have been assigned to finance the projects of scientists from the Association member-countries and the former Soviet republics. The program aims to support scientists of the former Soviet Union who are denied financing in their home countries, the program coordinator told Itar-Tass. The tender terms are outlined in the Association's Internet site. The Association's Brussels Bureau has contacts with scientific organizations, among them the Siberian department of the Russian Academy of Sciences. As a rule, scientists of one and the same sphere know each other and unite for join projects.
An obligatory condition of the tender is the participation in each project of at least two scientists or scientific groups from various member-countries of the Association and two from former Soviet republics. The financing varies from 60,000 to 150,000 Euro for two-three years of a project.
The European Union as the single whole, all of its member- countries, Iceland, Israel, Latvia, Norway, Romania and Switzerland are members of the Association who form its budget. Estonia, Hungary, Slovakia and Slovenia are in the process of being admitted to the organization.
Last year the Association financed 207 projects of 1,209 scientific groups, among them 494 from Russia.

© 1996-2000 ITAR-TASS. All rights reserved.

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    Science / Volume 288, Number 5467 Issue of 5 May 2000, p 787
    Russian Roulette
    Русская рулетка

The U.S. government must step up efforts to prevent former Soviet weapons scientists from selling their services to hostile nations, experts say. Meeting in Washington last week, members of an outside task force reviewing the Department of Energy's (DOE's) beleaguered nonproliferation programs took the department to task for not taking the threat seriously enough. "Future generations are going to look back on this period and wonder why we didn't do more," said former representative Butler Derrick (D-SC), now a lobbyist.
The State Department estimates that DOE, State, and Defense Department assistance programs, funded to the tune of about $175 million this year, have helped fewer than 15,000 of Russia's 50,000 nuclear, biological, and chemical weaponeers find civilian work. To improve on that record, the task force plans to give DOE advice on how to persuade Congress--which is skeptical that the conversion programs work--to go for a big boost in the 2002 budget.

© 2000 by The American Association for the Advancement of Science

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    ITAR-TASS / May 11, 2000
    Yekaterinburg econ forum to discuss reliance on one's own.
    Рассчитывать на свои собственные силы - одна из главных проблем, которую должны обсудить ученые на 5-ом Российском Экономическом Форуме, который пройдет в Екатеринбурге в четверг

YEKATERINBURG, May 11,(Itar-Tass) -- Reliance on one's own is one of the main theses which scientists are to suggest for discussion at the 5th Russian Economic Forum here on Thursday.
Sverdlovsk Region Governor Eduard Rossel, who chairs the organising committee of the Forum, has told Itar-Tass that "everyone has come to realise that the development of Russia should not depend on foreign technologies, investments or credits and that it is essential to use one's own potential and resources". This is a strategy which has been worked out and brought up for discussion by a large collective of experts, scientists and practicians. The basic principles of the strategy are to use one's own science and technology potential, primarily the defence sector, to provide all branches of the economy with research and development studies, and to buy licenses for highly effective technologies. Estimates have it that this would lead to the establishment of an effective economy and bring about a rise in people's living standards. Vladimir Putin has sent a message of greetings to participants in the Forum. He points out in the message that he is "confident that the Forum will suggest new solutions which will promote an increase in Russia's economic potential and ensure a decent life for the citizens of our country".

© 1996-2000 ITAR-TASS. All rights reserved.

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    Xinhua News Agency / 05/12/2000
    Chinese Science News: Weekly Highlights
    В Китае пройдут переговоры о китайско-российском сотрудничестве в области науки и техники.

China, Russia to Conduct Cooperation in Science, Technology North China's Hebei Province neighboring Beijing will hold talks on Sino-Russian scientific and technological cooperation this year.
The province meant to push forward cooperation with Russia via the coming talks so as to accelerate local science and technology development. The province, focusing on the Far East of Russia, has collected information of 323 scientific research achievements made by Russia in the fields of dynamics, geology, new material, transportation, machinery manufacture, petro-chemistry, acoustic equipment, forestry, and biology.
Occupational Training Website Launched in Beijing Chinaclick Investment Group of Singapore launched a website www.51up.com.cn in Beijing Sunday. The website, focusing on occupational training, contains four columns: "on-line vocational academy", "training programs", "human resources" and "telling the truth". Zhou Zhongkan, general manager of the website, said that they are willing to expand their business in China via website. He plans to launch other websites this year, trying to attract more www. surfers in China.
Northeast China Port City to Open High-Tech Park Dalian, a port city in northeast China's Liaoning Province, is aiming to develop a high-tech park specializing in info- and bio- technology.
Dalian is embarking on a "double-D" -- digital and DNA -- development path, explained Xia Deren, vice-mayor of the city. Experts from Australia, France and Beijing-based Qinghua University have jointly worked out a blueprint for the coastal city's project.
Swedish Scientist Gives Speech on Nobel Prize An improved educational system is the key to promoting the development of science and technology, said a renowned Swedish scientist in Beijing today.
Erling Norrby, Secretary General of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, gave a speech on the history of the Nobel Prize at the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).

© Copyright XINHUA NEWS AGENCY

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    Xinhua News Agency / 05/11/2000
    China, Russia to Conduct Cooperation in Science, Technology

SHIJIAZHUANG (May 12) XINHUA -- North China's Hebei Province neighboring Beijing will hold talks on Sino-Russian scientific and technological cooperation this year.
The province meant to push forward cooperation with Russia via the coming talks so as to accelerate local science and technology development. The province, focusing on the Far East of Russia, has collected information of 323 scientific research achievements made by Russia in the fields of dynamics, geology, new material, transportation, machinery manufacture, petro-chemistry, acoustic equipment, forestry, and biology.
Currently the provincial department of science and technology is devoted to the preparatory work for the talks.

© Copyright XINHUA NEWS AGENCY

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    ITAR-TASS / 05/12/2000
    Unified Energy Systems to finance power engineering studies
    Руководитель Объединенных Энергетических Систем России Анатолий Чубайс одобрил программу исследований, планируемую Российской Академией Наук. Программа была утверждена в пятницу после заседания Координационного Совета Академии по Техническим Наукам

MOSCOW, May 12 (Itar-Tass)-- Chief of the Unified Energy Systems of Russia grid Anatoly Chubais has approved a program of power engineering studies drafted by the Russian Academy of Sciences. The program was signed on Friday after a sitting of the Academy's Coordinating Council for Technical Sciences.
The program is made of 47 projects of academic institutes. It will involve about half of the Academy's experts in power engineering, Coordinating Council Chairman Academician Vladimir Fortov has said.
Anatoly Chubais attended the Coordinating Council's sitting to outline his opinion of problems and prospects for restructuring of the Russian energy industry. The Academy members recommended to raise the energy tariffs by 2-3 times, to stake on the development of small power plants and energy-saving technologies, and not to hurry with privatization of large power plants.
Chubais thinks that reforms of the energy industry have been halted halfway instead of culminating in a comprehensive market of electricity, the main condition for investments. Other investment sources are slim, Chubais said.
Neither budgets nor consumers are capable of bringing the annual 3 billion dollars in investments needed by the energy industry. If there are no investments, Russia will have to import electricity by 2005, he said.
Academicians Oleg Favorsky and Yevgeny Velikhov have offered to draw private investments to small power plants, for instance gas turbines, "which are hundreds of times more economical and ecologically-friendly then large power units."
Conversion productions of the aviation and defense industries can be involved in the program.

© 1996-2000 ITAR-TASS. All rights reserved

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    Associated Press Online / 05/26/2000
    Monitoring of Los Alamos Lab Sought

LOS ALAMOS, N.M., May 26, 2000 (AP Online via COMTEX) -- Environmentalists are demanding an independent analysis and regular monitoring of radiation levels on the fire-ravaged land around Los Alamos National Laboratory.
A federal air-monitoring team last week reported elevated background radiation levels, which it said would be normal when vegetation burns. But the levels, in some cases 2 to 10 times higher than normal, triggered concern among some New Mexico residents.
"We're calling for an independent citizens review board to assess the monitoring data and risks, and we want a long-term health study of people exposed to the smoke," Suzanne Westerly, director of Concerned Citizens for Nuclear Safety in Santa Fe, said Thursday.
Russian nuclear and atmospheric scientist Sergei Pashchenko, a consultant to a non-governmental group which works to ban weapons containing depleted uranium, said he analyzed the limited data available on the lab's Internet site and determined it could not be discounted as naturally occurring effects of the fires. Lab spokesman Kevin Roark had no comment on the claims but said he wasn't surprised.
"Every time we put out data, the activist groups dispute it," he said.
The wildfires burned more than 48,000 acres and destroyed more than 200 homes near the labs in northern New Mexico. Los Alamos National Laboratory: www.lanl.gov/worldview

© 2000 Associated Press, All rights reserved.

Продолжение дайджеста за МАЙ 2000 года (часть 2)
январь февраль март апрель май июнь июль август сентябрь октябрь ноябрь декабрь

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