Nanostructure control of materials
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Nanostructure control of materials / ed. by Hannink R.H.J., Hill A.J. - Cambridge, England: Woodhead; Boca Raton: CRC, 2006. - 344 p. - (Woodhead publishing in materials). - ISBN 0-8493-3449-7.
 
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   Contributor contact details ........................................ ix
   Foreword by T.W.Turney ........................................... xiii
   Acknowledgements ................................................... xv

   Introduction: special properties resulting from
   nanodimensionality ............................................... xvii
   A.J.Hill and R.Hannink, CSIRO, Austrialia

 1 Nanoparticle technologies and applications .......................... 1
   P.Casey, CSIRO, Australia
   1.1 Introduction .................................................... 1
   1.2 Commercial production of nanoparticles .......................... 4
   1.3 Synthesis and production processes .............................. 7
   1.4 Examples of commercial production .............................. 19
   1.5 Applications ................................................... 24
   1.6 Future challenge of nanoparticle production .................... 27
   1.7 Useful websites ................................................ 27
   1.8 References ..................................................... 27

 2 Nanometric architectures: emergence of efficient
   non-crystalline atomic organization in nanostructures .............. 32
   T.Aste and T. Di Matteo, The Australian National University,
   Australia
   2.1  Introduction .................................................. 32
   2.2  Equal spheres packings ........................................ 34
   2.3  Searching for structure: the radial distribution function ..... 35
   2.4  Local motifs and orientation symmetry ......................... 37
   2.5  Understanding the structure: local geometrial
        organization .................................................. 39
   2.6  A packing of tetrahedra ....................................... 42
   2.7  Structural organization and packing fraction .................. 44
   2.8  Packing hierarchy: the topological structure beyond
        first neighbors ............................................... 48
   2.9  Can disorder be more efficient? ............................... 50
   2.10 Conclusions ................................................... 54
   2.11 Acknowledgments ............................................... 54
   2.12 References .................................................... 54

 3 Nanostructure characterisation using electron-beam techniques ...... 57
   J.Riches and J.Drennan, University of Queensland, Australia
   3.1 Introduction ................................................... 57
   3.2 Sample preparation ............................................. 59
   3.3 Nanoanalysis ................................................... 62
   3.4 Imaging ........................................................ 67
   3.5 Future trends .................................................. 69
   3.6 Acknowledgments ................................................ 72
   3.7 References ..................................................... 72

 4 Organic-inorganic nanocomposite membranes for
   molecular separation processes ..................................... 76
   T.C.Merkel and I.Pinnau, MembraneTechnology and Research
   Inc., USA
   4.1 Introduction ................................................... 76
   4.2 Transport in dense membranes ................................... 77
   4.3 Transport in composite materials ............................... 77
   4.4 Nanocomposite membrane research ................................ 78
   4.5 Conclusions and future trends .................................. 92
   4.6 References ..................................................... 94

 5 Developing fast ion conductors from nanostructured polymers ........ 97
   M.Forsyth, J.Adebahr, N.Byrne and D.Macfarlane, Monash
   University, Australia
   5.1 Introduction ................................................... 97
   5.2 Polymer electrolytes ........................................... 97
   5.3 Composite electrolytes ........................................ 100
   5.4 Conclusions ................................................... 110
   5.5 References .................................................... 111

 6 Nanostructures in biological materials ............................ 115
   H.Gao and H.Yao, Max Planck Institute for Metals Research,
   Germany and B.Ji, Tsinghua University, China
   6.1 Introduction .................................................. 115
   6.2 Nanostructures of biological materials ........................ 116
   6.3 Mechanics of bulk nanostructures of bone-like materials ....... 122
   6.4 Mechanics of surface nanostructure of gecko-like
       materials ..................................................... 131
   6.5 Conclusions ................................................... 139
   6.6 Future trends ................................................. 141
   6.7 Acknowledgement ............................................... 142
   6.8 References .................................................... 142

 7 Mechanical behavior of metallic nanolaminates ..................... 146
   A.Misra, Los Alamos National Laboratory, USA
   7.1 Introduction .................................................. 146
   7.2 Methods of synthesizing metallic nanolaminates ................ 147
   7.3 Overview of strengthening mechanisms .......................... 150
   7.4 Dependence of nanolaminate strength on layer thickness ........ 153
   7.5 Modeling of single dislocation behaviour ...................... 156
   7.6 Plastic stability of nanolaminates ............................ 162
   7.7 Conclusions ................................................... 172
   7.8 Acknowledgments ............................................... 174
   7.9 References .................................................... 174

 8 Preparation of monolithic nanocrystallirie ceramics ............... 177
   G.Rixecker, Z.Burghard and F.Aldinger, Max Planck Institute
   for Metals Research, Germany and L.Gao, Chinese Academy of
   Sciences, China
   8.1 Introduction .................................................. 177
   8.2 Synthesis of nonmetallic-inorganic nanoparticles .............. 181
   8.3 Green shaping of nanoceramic bodies ........................... 186
   8.4 Densification ................................................. 194
   8.5 Specific properties and applications .......................... 208
   8.6 Conclusions and future trends ................................. 210
   8.7 References .................................................... 211

 9 Nanoengineering of metallic materials ............................. 219
   R.Lumley and A.Morton, CSIRO, Australia and I.Polmear,
   Monash University, Australia
   9.1 Introduction .................................................. 219
   9.2 Nanoengineering of metallic materials ......................... 219
   9.3 Age hardened alloys ........................................... 222
   9.4 High strength low alloy (HSLA) steels ......................... 228
   9.5 Mechanical alloying ........................................... 233
   9.6 Amorphous solids and controlled crystallisation
       through rapid solidification .................................. 240
   9.7 Future trends ................................................. 247
   9.8 References .................................................... 247

10 Using magnetic resonance to study nanoprecipitation in
   light metal alloys ................................................ 251
   K.Nairn and T.Bastow, CSIRO Manufacturing and Infrastructure
   Technology, Australia
   10.1 Introduction to age hardening of light metal alloys .......... 251
   10.2 NMR - a novel method for studying precipitation
        in alloys .................................................... 254
   10.3 NMR spectra of alloys ........................................ 257
   10.4 Conclusions .................................................. 264
   10.5 References ................................................... 264

11 Nanocrystalline light metal hydrides for hydrogen storage ......... 266
   T.Klassen, GKSS Research Centre Geesthacht GmbH, Germany
   11.1 Introduction ................................................. 266
   11.2 Production of nanocrystalline light metal hydrides ........... 267
   11.3 Processes of hydrogen absorption and desorption .............. 267
   11.4 Nanocrystalline Mg-based hydrides ............................ 268
   11.5 Nanocrystalline alanates ..................................... 286
   11.6 Evaluation of technical potential of nanocrystalline
        hydrides ..................................................... 291
   11.7 Future trends ................................................ 298
   11.8 References ................................................... 300

12 Nanofabrication ................................................... 303
   E.Harvey and M.Ghantasala, MiniFAB, Australia
   12.1 Introduction ................................................. 303
   12.2 Nanomaterials - top-down and bottom-up approaches ............ 304
   12.3 Fabrication technologies - additive/subtractive methods ...... 305
   12.4 Lithography-based technologies ............................... 306
   12.5 Deposition techniques ........................................ 318
   12.6 Fabrication of nanowires - different technologies ............ 323
   12.7 Future trends ................................................ 327
   12.8 References ................................................... 328

Index ................................................................ 331


Вверх Nanostructure control of materials / ed. by Hannink R.H.J., Hill A.J. - Cambridge, England: Woodhead; Boca Raton: CRC, 2006. - 344 p. - (Woodhead publishing in materials). - ISBN 0-8493-3449-7.

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