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ОбложкаReutlinger A. A theory of causation in the social and biological sciences. - New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. - xii, 276 p.: ill. - Bibliogr.: p.264-274. - Ind.: p.275-276. - ISBN 978-1-137-28103-6
Шифр: (И/С55-R47) 02
 

Место хранения: 02 | Отделение ГПНТБ СО РАН | Новосибирск

Оглавление / Contents
 
List of Figures ................................................. x
Acknowledgements ............................................... xi

PART I  CAUSATION IN THE SPECIAL SCIENCES AND THE
INTERVENTIONIST THEORY OF CAUSATION
1  Causation in the Special Sciences ............................ 3
   Explicating causation in the special sciences: Criteria of
   adequacy .................................................... 11
   Outline of the book ......................................... 21
2  The Interventionist Theory of Causation ..................... 25
   The interventionist explication of causation ................ 25
   The formal background of interventionist theories: causal
   graphs and Bayesian networks ................................ 39
   Is the interventionist theory adequate? ..................... 51
   Conclusion .................................................. 70

PART II  WHAT IS WRONG WITH INTERVENTIONIST THEORIES
3  Counterfactuals: A Problem for Interventionists? ............ 73
   Interventionist theories of causation involve
   counterfactuals ............................................. 73
   A problem for interventionists: truth conditions
   for counterfactuals ......................................... 75
   The easy way out: standard possible worlds semantics ........ 79
   The interventionist critique of possible worlds semantics ... 82
   Modifying possible worlds semantics ......................... 87
   Modified Goodmanian semantics ............................... 92
   The suppositional view: the pragmatic meaning
   of counterfactuals .......................................... 99
   Conclusion ................................................. 101
4  Getting Rid of Interventions ............................... 104
   Introduction ............................................... 104
   Woodward's concept of intervention ......................... 106
   A counter-example: why some interventions are not even
   physically possible ........................................ 107
   Two arguments against the need for logically possible
   interventions .............................................. 112
   A reconciling remark ....................................... 122
   Conclusion ................................................. 123
5  Non-Universal Laws ......................................... 125
   Why we need a theory of non-universal laws ................. 125
   Challenge I: falsity and triviality ........................ 130
   Challenge II: the requirement of relevance ................. 131
   Four dimensions of non-universal laws ...................... 132
   Meeting the challenges: Lange's Dilemma and the
   requirement of relevance ................................... 143
   Conclusion: the explication of special science laws ........ 145
6  Woodward Meets Russell: Does Causation Fit into the World
   of Physics? ................................................ 146
   Non-reductive explications of causation and metaphysics .... 146
   Russell on causation and the neo-Russellian claim .......... 150
   The interventionist open-systems argument .................. 156
   The statistical-mechanical argument ........................ 165
   Conclusion ................................................. 173

PART III  AN ALTERNATIVE THEORY OF CAUSATION IN SPECIAL
SCIENCES
7  In Defence of Conceptually Non-Reductive Explications of
   Causation .................................................. 177
   Conceptually non-reductive explications of causation ....... 177
   A reductive analysis of causation: Lewis's
   counterfactual theory ...................................... 180
   The trade-off argument for non-reductive approaches ........ 181
   The objection against non-reductive approaches ............. 187
   Defending non-reductive explications ....................... 188
   Conclusion ................................................. 197
8  The Comparative Variability Theory of Causation ............ 199
   From interventions to comparative variability .............. 199
   Comparative variability semantics for counterfactuals ...... 204
   The comparative variability theory: definitions ............ 209
   An adequate explication of causation ....................... 217
   Conclusion ................................................. 231
9  Consequences ............................................... 233
   Causal explanation ......................................... 233
   Mechanistic models ......................................... 241
   Dispositions ............................................... 244
   Conclusion and outlook ..................................... 245
   Notes ...................................................... 252

Bibliography .................................................. 264
Index ......................................................... 275

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