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ОбложкаReiss J. Philosophy of economics: a contemporary introduction / J.Reiss. - New York; London: Routledge/Taylor & Francis, 2013. - xiii, 331 p.: ill. - (Routledge contemporary introductions to philosophy). - Bibliogr.: p.303-321. - Ind.: p.322-331. - ISBN 978-0-415-88116-6
Шифр: (И/У-R39) 02
 

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Оглавление / Contents
 
List of Figures ............................................... xiv
List of Tables ................................................. xv
Acknowledgments ............................................... xvi
1  The Why, What and How of Philosophy of Economics ............. 1
   Overview ..................................................... 1
   Two Opposing Paradigms ....................................... 2
   The Philosophy of Economics: Interpreting Theory,
   Methodology and Ethics ....................................... 6
   The Aims of Economics and the Problem of Purpose ............. 8
   Study Questions ............................................. 11
   Suggested Readings .......................................... 11

PART I. Interpreting Economic Theory ........................... 13
2  Explaining Economic Phenomena ............................... 15
   Overview .................................................... 15
   Explanation as an Aim of Economics .......................... 16
   Phenomena ................................................... 17
   Why-Questions, Explanandum and Explanans .................... 19
   Scientific Laws ............................................. 21
   The D-N Model and Its Discontents ........................... 23
   Conclusions ................................................. 25
   Study Questions ............................................. 26
   Suggested Readings .......................................... 26

PART IA. Rationality ........................................... 27
3  Rational-Choice Theory ...................................... 29
   Overview .................................................... 29
   Folk Psychology ............................................. 29
   Ordinal-Choice Theory ....................................... 32
   Cardinal-Choice Theory ...................................... 42
   Stability, Invariance and Justifiers ........................ 49
   Conclusions ................................................. 53
   Study Questions ............................................. 53
   Suggested Readings .......................................... 53
4  Game Theory ................................................. 54
   Overview .................................................... 54
   Whither the Euro? ........................................... 54
   Some Games and Some Formalism ............................... 57
   Game Theory's Payoffs ....................................... 61
   Game Theory and Rationality ................................. 63
   Game Theory as Explanatory Theory ........................... 74
   Study Questions ............................................. 80
   Suggested Readings .......................................... 81

PART IB.  Causality ............................................ 83
5  Causation and Causal Tendencies ............................. 85
   Overview .................................................... 85
   The Rise of Causal Talk in Economics ........................ 86
   Correlation Is Not Causation: So What Is Causation? ......... 89
   Causal Tendencies ........................................... 92
   Conclusions ................................................. 98
   Study Questions ............................................ 100
   Suggested Readings ......................................... 100
6  Mechanisms ................................................. 101
   Overview ................................................... 101
   Hume on Money .............................................. 102
   Four Notions of Causal Mechanism ........................... 104
   Mechanisms as Underlying Structures or Processes ........... 105
   Mechanisms, Methodological Individualism and Micro-
   Foundations ................................................ 109
   Mechanistic Explanation .................................... 112
   Conclusions ................................................ 115
   Study Questions ............................................ 116
   Suggested Readings ......................................... 116

PART IС. Models ............................................... 117
7  Models, Idealization, Explanation .......................... 119
   Overview ................................................... 119
   Causal Explanation ......................................... 120
   Economic Models ............................................ 121
   Idealizations .............................................. 124
   Explanation ................................................ 127
   Conclusions ................................................ 141
   Study Questions ............................................ 141
   Suggested Readings ......................................... 141

PART II. Methodology .......................................... 143
8  Measurement ................................................ 145
   Overview ................................................... 145
   Observation ................................................ 146
   Consumer Price Inflation ................................... 150
   Unemployment and GDP ....................................... 157
   Conclusions ................................................ 158
   Study Questions ............................................ 159
   Suggested Readings ......................................... 159
9  Econometrics ............................................... 161
   Overview ................................................... 161
   Induction, Deduction and All That .......................... 162
   Mostly Harmless Econometrics? .............................. 166
   Conclusions ................................................ 172
   Study Questions ............................................ 173
   Suggested Readings ......................................... 173
10 Experiments ................................................ 174
   Overview ................................................... 174
   Speaking to Theorists ...................................... 175
   Searching for Facts ........................................ 177
   Whispering into the Ears of Princes ........................ 180
   Methodological Issues ...................................... 182
   Conclusions ................................................ 193
   Study Questions ............................................ 194
   Suggested Readings ......................................... 194
11 Evidence-Based Policy ...................................... 195
   Overview ................................................... 195
   What Is Evidence-Based Policy? ............................. 197
   What Is an RCT, and What Are Its Virtues? .................. 201
   What, Then, Is Wrong with Evidence-Based Policy? ........... 202
   Conclusions ................................................ 206
   Study Questions ............................................ 207
   Suggested Readings ......................................... 207

PART III. Ethics .............................................. 209
12 Welfare and Well-Being ..................................... 211
   Overview ................................................... 211
   Welfare Economics .......................................... 212
   Well-Being ................................................. 213
   The Evidential View of Preferences ......................... 225
   Conclusions ................................................ 227
   Study Questions ............................................ 228
   Suggested Readings ......................................... 229
13 Markets and Morals ......................................... 230
   Overview ................................................... 230
   Market Failure ............................................. 231
   Transaction Costs and the Coase Theorem .................... 236
   Intellectual Property Rights ............................... 240
   Commodification: What Money Can't Buy ...................... 245
   Study Questions ............................................ 252
   Suggested Readings ......................................... 253
14 Inequality and Distributive Justice ........................ 254
   Overview ................................................... 254
   Inequality ................................................. 255
   Principles of Distributive Justice ......................... 256
   Conclusions ................................................ 275
   Study Questions ............................................ 276
   Suggested Readings ......................................... 276
15 Behavioral Economics and Nudge ............................. 278
   Overview ................................................... 278
   Behavioral Economics ....................................... 279
   Libertarian Paternalism .................................... 286
   Philosophical Issues in Libertarian Paternalism ............ 293
   Conclusions ................................................ 301
   Study Questions ............................................ 301
   Suggested Readings ......................................... 302

References .................................................... 303
Index ......................................................... 322

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