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ОбложкаSnieder R. The art of being a scientist: a guide for graduate students and their mentors / R.Snieder, K.Larner. - Cambridge: Cambridge university press, 2009. - x, 286 p.: ill. - Bibliogr.: p.276-279. - Ind.: p.282-286. - ISBN 978-0-521-74352-5
Шифр: (И/Ч21-S69) 02
 

Место хранения: 02 | Отделение ГПНТБ СО РАН | Новосибирск

Оглавление / Contents
 
1  Introduction ................................................. 1
2  What is science? ............................................ 11
   2.1  Deduction versus induction ............................. 16
   2.2  Reductionism and wholism ............................... 18
   2.3  Why science is hard... and what makes it an art ........ 20
   2.4  Many ways to practice science .......................... 23
   2.5  Why would you want to be a scientist? .................. 25
   2.6  Who is doing science? .................................. 26
3  Choices, choices, choices ................................... 29
   3.1  General considerations ................................. 31
   3.2  Choosing a university and department ................... 33
   3.3  Choosing an adviser .................................... 37
   3.4  Choosing a project ..................................... 39
   3.5  How do you fit into the picture? ....................... 48
   3.6  A checklist with questions ............................. 51
4  The adviser and thesis committee ............................ 53
   4.1  Different styles of advising ........................... 53
   4.2  The thesis committee ................................... 62
5  Questions drive research .................................... 65
   5.1  The need to ask questions .............................. 66
   5.2  Order and prioritize questions ......................... 73
   5.3  Turning questions into a workplan ...................... 77
6  Giving direction to our work ................................ 81
   6.1  Set goals .............................................. 81
   6.2  Five steps to take in working toward your goals ........ 85
   6.3  What is your greatest resource? ........................ 86
   6.4  Being goal-oriented or process-oriented ................ 88
   6.5  More than goals and process is meaning in our work ..... 91
7  Turning challenges into opportunities ....................... 93
   7.1  Being confused because of lack of direction ............ 93
   7.2  Being confused because you don't understand something .. 95
   7.3  Simplify first ......................................... 96
   7.4  Identify mistakes quickly .............................. 99
   7.5  Serendipity and playfulness ........................... 100
   7.6  Being stuck ........................................... 102
   7.7  Getting the right answer for the wrong reason ......... 105
   7.8  Keep two types of notes ............................... 107
8  Ethics of research ......................................... 110
   8.1  Respect the property of others ........................ 112
   8.2  Be honest ............................................. 114
   8.3  Stand up for your scientific integrity ................ 118
   8.4  Disagree respectfully ................................. 120
   8.5  Authorship issues ..................................... 122
   8.6  Interacting with other players ........................ 125
   8.7  Ethics of the content of research ..................... 129
9  Using the scientific literature ............................ 132
   9.1  Doing a literature search ............................. 133
   9.2  Keeping up with the literature ........................ 138
   9.3  Making a database of references ....................... 140
10 Communication .............................................. 146
   10.1 Why communicate? ...................................... 146
   10.2 Communication is difficult ............................ 148
   10.3 Written communication ................................. 150
   10.4 Oral presentations .................................... 158
   10.5 The scientific conference ............................. 171
   10.6 Concluding note: you, the audience .................... 174
11 Publishing a paper ......................................... 176
   11.1 Before you start writing .............................. 176
   11.2 Submission and review ................................. 181
   11.3 After publication ..................................... 184
12 Time management ............................................ 186
   12.1 Setting priorities .................................... 186
   12.2 Using time effectively ................................ 191
13 Writing proposals .......................................... 196
   13.1 Who funds research? ................................... 196
   13.2 The core content of a proposal ........................ 199
   13.3 The other parts of a proposal ......................... 203
   13.4 Writing and submitting the proposal ................... 205
14 The scientific career ...................................... 210
   14.1 The academic career ................................... 210
   14.2 Comparison with the industrial career ................. 217
   14.3 Switching fields: benefits and pitfalls ............... 221
   14.4 As you take on more responsibilities .................. 223
   14.5 Gender issues ......................................... 225
   14.6 Closing words ......................................... 230
15 Applying for a job ......................................... 233
   15.1 Be informed ........................................... 234
   15.2 The application letter and resume ..................... 237
   15.3 The interview visit ................................... 245
   15.4 Negotiate! ............................................ 247
   15.5 Before signing a contract in industry ................. 250
16 Concluding remarks ......................................... 253
   16.1 Create your own luck .................................. 253
   16.2 Life is a boomerang ................................... 255
   16.3 Think of - and be - a role model ...................... 257
   16.4 Trust and commitment .................................. 258
Appendix A Further reading .................................... 261
Appendix В A sample curriculum ................................ 265
Appendix С The Refer and BibTeX format ........................ 273
References .................................................... 276
About the authors ............................................. 280
Index ......................................................... 282

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