Faye J. The nature of scientific thinking: on interpretation, explanatation, and understanding (Basingstoke, 2014). - ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ / CONTENTS

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ОбложкаFaye J. The nature of scientific thinking: on interpretation, explanatation, and understanding. - Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. - xiv, 333 p. - Bibliogr.: p.316-325. - Ind.: p.325-333. - ISBN 978-1-137-38982-4
 

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Оглавление / Contents
 
Preface and Acknowledgements .................................. vii
1  Forms of Understanding ....................................... 1
   1  A subjective feature of explanation ....................... 2
   2  The unification view ...................................... 4
   3  The causal-mechanical view ............................... 12
   4  The visualization view ................................... 15
2  Understanding as Organized Beliefs .......................... 24
   1  The content view ......................................... 26
   2  Skills and intelligibility ............................... 34
   3  The organization view .................................... 37
   4  Embodied and embedded understanding ...................... 41
   5  Levels of understanding .................................. 48
   6  Norms of understanding? .................................. 51
   7  Cognitive schemata ....................................... 56
3  On Interpretation ........................................... 60
   1  Two notions of interpretation ............................ 60
   2  Interpretations in the natural sciences .................. 64
   3  Roads to interpretation .................................. 68
   4  Interpretation and the discovery of scientific
      hypothesis ............................................... 75
   5  Interpretation and the construction of scientific
      concepts ................................................. 79
4  Representations ............................................. 85
   1  What is a representation? ................................ 87
   2  Representing and understanding ........................... 91
   3  What do laws represent? .................................. 99
   4  The linguistic approach to theories ..................... 103
   5  Models as focal points of scientific explanation ........ 108
5  Scientific Explanation ..................................... 114
   1  Nomic explanations ...................................... 117
   2  The Hempelian view ...................................... 122
   3  The received criticism .................................. 125
6  Causal Explanations ........................................ 136
   1  From embodiment to modal reflections .................... 137
   2  Causal explanation as reflective understanding .......... 142
   3  Causation in physics .................................... 147
   4  Causation in biology .................................... 149
   5  Causal beliefs about causal facts ....................... 154
   6  Context-dependent relations and context-dependent
      descriptions ............................................ 157
7  Other Types of Explanations ................................ 162
   1  Types of explanations ................................... 163
   2  Structural explanations ................................. 168
   3  Functional explanations or evolutionary explanations? ... 171
8  The Pragmatics of Explanation .............................. 183
   1  Why is explanation a matter of pragmatics? .............. 186
   2  The contrastive dimension of why-questions .............. 193
   3  van Fraassen on explanation ............................. 195
   4  Critiques of van Fraassen ............................... 203
9  Not Just Why-questions ..................................... 210
   1  Why-questions in science ................................ 213
   2  The paradigm argument ................................... 216
   3  The relation argument ................................... 220
   4  The reason argument ..................................... 225
   5  The translation argument ................................ 231
   6  The contrast-class argument ............................. 234
   7  The relevance argument .................................. 237
10 A Rhetorical Approach to Explanation ....................... 241
   1  The problem context ..................................... 241
   2  Individual cognitive interests .......................... 245
   3  Explanation as speech act ............................... 248
   4  Explanation as a rhetorical means of communication ...... 251
   5  The rhetorical situation ................................ 255
   6  Explanatory relevance ................................... 259
   7  Explanatory force ....................................... 262
11 Pluralism and the Unity of Science ......................... 270
   1  The epistemological issue ............................... 272
   2  The methodological issue ................................ 276
   3  The ontological issue ................................... 279
   4  Conclusion .............................................. 284
Notes ......................................................... 289
Literature .................................................... 316
Index ......................................................... 327


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