Bevrani H. Power system monitoring and control (Hoboken, 2014). - ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ / CONTENTS

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ОбложкаBevrani H. Power system monitoring and control / H.Bevrani, M.Watanabe, Y.Mitani. - Hoboken: Wiley/IEEE, 2014. - xvii, 269 p.: ill. - Bibliogr. at the end of the chapters. - Ind.: p.261-269. - ISBN 978-1-118-45069-7
 

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Оглавление / Contents
 
Preface ...................................................... xiii
Acknowledgments .............................................. xvii

1  AN INTRODUCTION ON POWER SYSTEM MONITORING ................... 1
   1.1  Synchronized Phasor Measurement ......................... 2
   1.2  Power System Monitoring and Control with Wide-Area
        Measurements ............................................ 2
   1.3  ICT Architecture Used in Wide-Area Power System
        Monitoring and Control .................................. 4
   1.4  Summary ................................................. 5
   References ................................................... 5

2  OSCILLATION DYNAMICS ANALYSIS BASED ON PHASOR MEASUREMENTS ... 7
   2.1  Oscillation Characteristics in Power Systems ............ 8
        2.1.1  Eigenvalue Analysis and Participation Factor ..... 8
        2.1.2  Oscillation Characteristics in an
               Interconnected Power System ...................... 9
   2.2  An Overview of Oscillation Monitoring Using Phasor
        Measurements ........................................... 12
        2.2.1  Monitoring of the Japan Power Network ........... 12
        2.2.2  Monitoring of the Southeast Asia Power Network .. 14
   2.3  WAMS-Based Interarea Mode Identification ............... 15
   2.4  Low-Frequency Oscillation Dynamics ..................... 16
        2.4.1  Electromechanical Modes Characteristics ......... 16
        2.4.2  Oscillation Characteristics Analyses in
               Southeast Asia Power Network .................... 18
   2.5  Summary ................................................ 24
   References .................................................. 24
3  SMALL-SIGNAL STABILITY ASSESSMENT ........................... 26
   3.1  Power System Small-Signal Stability .................... 27
   3.2  Oscillation Model Identification Using Phasor
        Measurements ........................................... 29
        3.2.1  Oscillation Model of the Electromechanical
               Mode ............................................ 29
        3.2.2  Dominant Mode Identification with Signal
               Filtering ....................................... 30
   3.3  Small-Signal Stability Assessment of Wide-Area Power
        System ................................................. 32
        3.3.1  Simulation Study ................................ 32
        3.3.2  Stability Assessment Based on Phasor
               Measurements .................................... 33
        3.3.3  Stability Assessment Based on Frequency
               Monitoring ...................................... 38
   3.4  Summary ................................................ 41
   References .................................................. 41
4  GRAPHICAL TOOLS FOR STABILITY AND SECURITY ASSESSMENT ....... 43
   4.1  Importance of Graphical Tools in WAMS .................. 43
   4.2  Angle-Voltage Deviation Graph .......................... 45
   4.3  Simulation Results ..................................... 48
        4.3.1  Disturbance in Generation Side .................. 49
        4.3.2  Disturbance in Demand Side ...................... 50
   4.4  Voltage-Frequency Deviation Graph ...................... 52
        4.4.1  ΔV-ΔF Graph for Contingency Assessment .......... 53
        4.4.2  ΔV - ΔF Graph for Load Shedding Synthesis ....... 56
   4.5  Frequency-Angle Deviation Graph ........................ 58
   4.6  Electromechanical Wave Propagation Graph ............... 60
        4.6.1  Wave Propagation ................................ 62
        4.6.2  Angle Wave and System Configuration ............. 64
   4.7  Summary ................................................ 68
   References .................................................. 68
5  POWER SYSTEM CONTROL: FUNDAMENTALS AND NEW PERSPECTIVES ..... 70
   5.1  Power System Stability and Control ..................... 71
   5.2  Angle and Voltage Control .............................. 73
   5.3  Frequency Control ...................................... 75
        5.3.1  Frequency Control Dynamic ....................... 77
        5.3.2  Operating States and Power Reserves ............. 81
   5.4  Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition ............... 83
   5.5  Challenges, Opportunities, and New Perspectives ........ 88
        5.5.1  Application of Advanced Control Methods and
               Technologies .................................... 88
        5.5.2  Standards Updating .............................. 90
        5.5.3  Impacts of Renewable Energy Options ............. 90
        5.5.4  RESs Contribution to Regulation Services ........ 92
   5.6  Summary ................................................ 94
   References .................................................. 95
6  WIDE-AREA MEASUREMENT-BASED POWER SYSTEM CONTROL DESIGN ..... 96
   6.1  Measurement-Based Controller Design .................... 97
   6.2  Controller Tuning Using a Vibration Model .............. 98
        6.2.1  A Vibration Model Including the Effect of
               Damping Controllers ............................. 98
        6.2.2  Tuning Mechanism ............................... 101
        6.2.3  Simulation Results ............................. 102
   6.3  Wide-Area Measurement-Based Controller Design ......... 107
        6.3.1  Wide-Area Power System Identification .......... 107
        6.3.2  Design Procedure ............................... 110
        6.3.3  Simulation Results ............................. 110
   6.4  Summary ............................................... 118
   References ................................................. 118
7  COORDINATED DYNAMIC STABILITY AND VOLTAGE REGULATION ....... 119
   7.1  Need for AVR-PSS Coordination ......................... 120
   7.2  A Survey on Recent Achievements ....................... 123
   7.3  A Robust Simultaneous AVR-PSS Synthesis Approach ...... 126
        7.3.1  Control Framework .............................. 126
        7.3.2  Developed Algorithm ............................ 128
        7.3.3  Real-Time Implementation ....................... 131
        7.3.4  Experiment Results ............................. 132
   7.4  A Wide-Area Measurement-Based Coordination Approach ... 135
        7.4.1  High Penetration of Wind Power ................. 136
        7.4.2  Developed Algorithm ............................ 138
        7.4.3  An Application Example ......................... 141
        7.4.4  Simulation Results ............................. 141
   7.5  Intelligent AVR and PSS Coordination Design ........... 149
        7.5.1  Fuzzy Logic-Based Coordination System .......... 149
        7.5.2  Simulation Results ............................. 151
   7.6  Summary ............................................... 155
   References ................................................. 155
8  WIDE-AREA MEASUREMENT-BASED EMERGENCY CONTROL .............. 158
   8.1  Conventional Load Shedding and New Challenges ......... 159
        8.1.1  Load Shedding: Concept and Review .............. 159
        8.1.2  Some Key Issues ................................ 161
   8.2  Need for Monitoring Both Voltage and Frequency ........ 162
   8.3  Simultaneous Voltage and Frequency-Based LS ........... 165
        8.3.1  Proposed LS Scheme ............................. 165
        8.3.2  Implementation ................................. 167
        8.3.3  Case Studies and Simulation Results ............ 168
        8.3.4  An Approach for Optimal UFVLS .................. 176
        8.3.5  Discussion ..................................... 177
   8.4  Wave Propagation-Based Emergency Control .............. 178
        8.4.1  Proposed Control Scheme ........................ 178
        8.4.2  Simulation Results ............................. 180
   8.5  Summary ............................................... 183
   References ................................................. 183
9  MICROGRID CONTROL: CONCEPTS AND CLASSIFICATION ............. 186
   9.1  Microgrids ............................................ 187
   9.2  Microgrid Control ..................................... 192
   9.3  Local Controls ........................................ 195
   9.4  Secondary Controls .................................... 198
   9.5  Global Controls ....................................... 202
   9.6  Central/Emergency Controls ............................ 204
   9.7  Summary ............................................... 206
   References ................................................. 207
10 MICROGRID CONTROL: SYNTHESIS EXAMPLES ...................... 209
   10.1 Local Control Synthesis ............................... 209
        10.1.1 Robust Voltage Control Design .................. 209
        10.1.2 Intelligent Droop-Based Voltage and Frequency
               Control ........................................ 215
   10.2 Secondary Control Synthesis ........................... 221
        10.2.1 Intelligent Frequency Control .................. 221
        10.2.2 ANN-Based Self-Tuning Frequency Control ........ 228
   10.3 Global Control Synthesis .............................. 235
        10.3.1 Adaptive Energy Consumption Scheduling ......... 235
        10.3.2 Power Dispatching in Interconnected MGs ........ 240
   10.4 Emergency Control Synthesis ........................... 242
        10.4.1 Developed LS Algorithm ......................... 243
        10.4.2 Case Study and Simulation ...................... 243
   10.5 Summary ............................................... 246
   References ................................................. 246

Appendix A  New York/New England 16-Machine 68-Bus System
   Case Study ................................................. 249
Appendix В  Nine-Bus Power System Case Study .................. 254
Appendix С  Four-Order Dynamical Power System Model and
   Parameters of the Four-Machine Infinite-Bus System ......... 256

Index ......................................................... 261


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