Bettini A. Introduction to elementary particle physics (Cambridge, 2014). - ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ / CONTENTS

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ОбложкаBettini A. Introduction to elementary particle physics. - 2nd ed. - Cambridge: Cambridge univ. press, 2014. - xvii, 474 p.: ill. - Bibliogr.: p.458-465. - Ind.: p.466-474. - ISBN 978-1-107-05040-2
 

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Оглавление / Contents
 
Preface to the second edition .................................. ix
Preface to the first edition ................................. xiii
Acknowledgements .............................................. xvi

1  Preliminary notions .......................................... 1
   1.1  Mass, energy, linear momentum ........................... 2
   1.2  The law of motion of a particle ......................... 5
   1.3  The mass of a system of particles, kinematic 
        invariants .............................................. 6
   1.4  Systems of interacting particles ........................ 9
   1.5  Natural units .......................................... 11
   1.6  Collisions and decays .................................. 13
   1.7  Scattering experiments ................................. 18
   1.8  Hadrons, leptons and quarks ............................ 23
   1.9  The fundamental interactions ........................... 25
   1.10 The passage of radiation through matter ................ 26
   1.11 The sources of high-energy particles ................... 31
   1.12 Particle detectors ..................................... 39
   Problems .................................................... 55
   Summary ..................................................... 61
   Further reading ............................................. 61
   
2  Nucleons, leptons and mesons ................................ 63
   2.1  The muon and the pion .................................. 64
   2.2  Strange mesons and hyperons ............................ 66
   2.3  The quantum numbers of the charged pion ................ 69
   2.4  Charged leptons and neutrinos .......................... 73
   2.5  The Dirac equation ..................................... 77
   2.6  The positron ........................................... 80
   2.7  The antiproton ......................................... 81
   Problems .................................................... 84
   Summary ..................................................... 86
   Further reading ............................................. 86
   
3  Symmetries .................................................. 87
   3.1  Symmetries ............................................. 88
   3.2  Parity ................................................. 90
   3.3  Particle-antiparticle conjugation ...................... 93
   3.4  Time reversal and CPT ................................. 96
   3.5  The parity of the pions ................................ 97
   3.6  Charged pion decay ..................................... 99
   3.7  Quark flavours and baryonic number .................... 102
   3.8  Leptonic flavours and lepton number ................... 104
   3.9  Isospin ............................................... 105
   3.10 The sum of two isospins; the product of two 
        representations ....................................... 107
   3.11 G-parity .............................................. 110
   Problems ................................................... 111
   Summary .................................................... 114
   Further reading ............................................ 115

4  Hadrons .................................................... 116
   4.1  Resonances ............................................ 117
   4.2  The 3/2+ baryons ...................................... 121
   4.3  The Dalitz plot ....................................... 127
   4.4  Spin, parity, isospin analysis of three-pion systems .. 129
   4.5  Pseudoscalar and vector mesons ........................ 133
   4.6  The quark model ....................................... 137
   4.7  Mesons ................................................ 139
   4.8  Baryons ............................................... 142
   4.9  Charm ................................................. 147
   4.10 The third family ...................................... 155
   4.11 The elements of the Standard Model .................... 160
   Problems ................................................... 163
   Summary .................................................... 166
   Further reading ............................................ 166
   
5  Quantum electrodynamics .................................... 167
   5.1  Charge conservation and gauge symmetry ................ 168
   5.2  The Lamb and Retherford experiment .................... 170
   5.3  Quantum field theory .................................. 174
   5.4  The interaction as an exchange of quanta .............. 176
   5.5  The Feynman diagrams. QED ............................. 179
   5.6  Analyticity and the need for antiparticles ............ 182
   5.7  Electron-positron annihilation into a muon pair ....... 185
   5.8  The evolution of a .................................... 187
   Problems ................................................... 193
   Summary .................................................... 195
   Further reading ............................................ 195
   
6  Chromodynamics ............................................. 196
   6.1  Hadron production at electron-positron colliders ...... 197
   6.2  Nucleon structure ..................................... 202
   6.3  The colour charges .................................... 210
   6.4  Colour bound states ................................... 214
   6.5  The evolution of ...................................... 218
   6.6  The quark masses ...................................... 222
   6.7  The origin of the hadron mass ......................... 225
   6.8  The quantum vacuum .................................... 227
   Problems ................................................... 229
   Summary .................................................... 231
   Further reading ............................................ 232
   
7  Weak interactions .......................................... 233
   7.1  Classification of weak interactions ................... 234
   7.2  Low-energy lepton processes and the Fermi constant .... 235
   7.3  Parity violation ...................................... 240
   7.4  Helicity and chirality ................................ 243
   7.5  Measurement of the helicity of leptons ................ 248
   7.6  Violation of the particle-antiparticle conjugation .... 253
   7.7  Cabibbo mixing ........................................ 255
   7.8  The Glashow, Iliopoulos and Maiani mechanism .......... 258
   7.9  The quark mixing matrix ............................... 260
   7.10 Weak neutral currents ................................. 268
   7.11 The chiral symmetry of QCD and the mass of the pion ... 269
   Problems ................................................... 272
   Summary .................................................... 274
   Further reading ............................................ 274
   
8  The neutral mesons' oscillations and CT violation .......... 276
   8.1  Flavour oscillations, mixing and CT violation ......... 276
   8.2  The states of the neutral system ...................... 278
   8.3  Strangeness oscillations .............................. 280
   8.4  Regeneration .......................................... 283
   8.5  CP violation .......................................... 284
   8.6  Oscillation and CP violation in its interference 
        with mixing in the neutral В system ................... 288
   8.7  CT violation in meson decays .......................... 296
   Problems ................................................... 301
   Summary .................................................... 302
   Further reading ............................................ 302

9  The Standard Model ......................................... 303
   9.1  The electro-weak interaction .......................... 304
   9.2  Structure of the weak neutral currents ................ 306
   9.3  Electro-weak unification .............................. 308
   9.4  Determination of the electro-weak angle ............... 311
   9.5  The intermediate vector bosons ........................ 317
   9.6  The UAl experiment .................................... 321
   9.7  The discovery of W and Z .............................. 325
   9.8  The evolution of sin2 θw............................... 332
   9.9  Precision tests at LEP ................................ 333
   9.10 The interaction between intermediate bosons ........... 338
   9.11 Precision measurements of the Wand top masses at the
        Tevatron .............................................. 340
   9.12 The spontaneous breaking of the local gauge symmetry .. 345
   9.13 The search for the Higgs at LEP and at the Tevatron ... 352
   9.14 LHC, ATLAS and CMS .................................... 354
   9.15 Discovery of the H boson .............................. 361
   Problems ................................................... 371
   Summary .................................................... 374
   Further reading ............................................ 375
   
10 Neutrinos .................................................. 376
   10.1 Neutrino mixing ....................................... 377
   10.2 Neutrino oscillation .................................. 380
   10.3 Flavour transition in matter .......................... 392
   10.4 The experiments ....................................... 397
   10.5 Limits on neutrino mass ............................... 402
   10.6 Majorana neutrinos .................................... 407
   Problems ................................................... 413
   Summary .................................................... 417
   Further reading ............................................ 417
   
11 Epilogue ................................................... 419
   
Appendix 1 Greek alphabet ..................................... 424
Appendix 2 Fundamental constants .............................. 425
Appendix 3 Properties of elementary particles ................. 426
Appendix 4 Clebsch-Gordan coefficients ........................ 431
Appendix 5 Spherical harmonics and d-functions ................ 432
Appendix 6 Experimental and theoretical discoveries in
           particle physics ................................... 433
Solutions ..................................................... 436
References .................................................... 458
Index ......................................................... 466


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