Hoyningen-Huene P. Systematicity: the nature of science (Oxford; New York, 2013). - ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ / CONTENTS

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ОбложкаHoyningen-Huene P. Systematicity: the nature of science. - Oxford; New York: Oxford university press, 2013. - xiii, 287 p. - (Oxford studies in philosophy of science). - Bibliogr.: p.259-278. - Ind.: p.279-287. - ISBN 978-0-19-998505-0
 

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Оглавление / Contents
 
Preface ........................................................ ix

1  Introduction ................................................. 1
   1.1  Historical Remarks ...................................... 1
   1.2  The Question "What h Science?" in Focus ................. 8
2  The Main Thesis ............................................. 14
   2.1  Science and Systematicity .............................. 14
        2.1.1  A Little History ................................ 14
        2.1.2  Preliminary Remarks ............................. 21
   2.2  The Concept of Systematicity ........................... 25
   2.3 The Structure of the Argument ........................... 30
3  The Systematicity of Science Unfolded ....................... 35
   3.1  Descriptions ........................................... 37
        3.1.1  Some Preliminaries .............................. 37
        3.1.2  Axiomatization .................................. 41
        3.1.3  Classification, Taxonomy, and Nomenclature ...... 42
        3.1.4  Periodization ................................... 43
        3.1.5  Quantification .................................. 45
        3.1.6  Empirical Generalizations ....................... 47
        3.1.7  Historical Descriptions ......................... 49
   3.2  Explanations ........................................... 53
        3.2.1  Some Preliminaries .............................. 53
        3.2.2  Explanations Using Empirical Generalizations .... 56
   5.2  Explanations Using Theories ............................ 59
        3.2.1  Explanations of Human Actions ................... 61
        3.2.4  Reductive Explanations .......................... 63
        3.2.5  Historical Explanations ......................... 68
        3.2.6  Explanation and Understanding in the Humanities
               in General ...................................... 71
        3.2.7  Explanations in the Study of Literature ......... 75
   3.3  Predictions ............................................ 78
        3.3.1  Some Preliminaries .............................. 78
        3.3.2  Predictions Based on Empirical Regularities of
               the Data in Question ............................ 80
        3.3.3  Predictions Based on Correlations with Other
               Data Sets ....................................... 82
        3.3.4  Predictions Based on (Fundamental) Theories or
               Laws ............................................ 83
        3.3.5  Predictions Based on Models ..................... 85
        3.3.6  Predictions Based on Delphi Methods ............. 87
   3.4  The Defense of Knowledge Claims ........................ 88
        3.4.1  Some Preliminaries .............................. 88
        3.4.2  Nonevidential Considerations .................... 92
        3.4.3  Empirical Generalizations, Models, and
               Theories ........................................ 94
        3.4.4  Causal Influence ................................ 98
        3.4.5  The Verum Factum Principle ..................... 102
        3.4.6  The Role of Mathematics in the Sciences ........ 103
        3.4.7  Historical Sciences ............................ 107
   3.5  Critical Discourse .................................... 108
        3.5.1  Some Preliminaries ............................. 108
        3.5.2  Norms and Institutions ......................... 110
        3.3.1  Practices in Science Fostering Critical
               Discourse ...................................... 111
   3.6  Epistemic Connectedness ............................... 113
        3.6.1  Preliminaries: The Problem ..................... 113
        3.6.2  Failing Answers ................................ 116
        3.6.3  The Concept of Epistemic Connectedness ......... 118
        3.6.4  Revisiting the Examples ........................ 121
   3.7  The Ideal of Completeness ............................. 124
        3.7.1  Some Preliminaries ............................. 124
        3.7.2  Examples ....................................... 126
   3.8  The Generation of New Knowledge ....................... 132
        3.8.1  Some Preliminaries ............................. 132
        3.8.2  Data Collection ................................ 134
        3.8.3  The Exploitation of Knowledge from Other
               Domains ........................................ 139
        3.8.4  The Generation of New Knowledge as an
               Autocatalytic Process .......................... 141
   3.9 The Representation of Knowledge ........................ 141
       3.9.1  Some Preliminaries .............................. 141
       3.9.2  Examples ........................................ 142
4  Comparison with Other Positions ............................ 148
   4.1  Aristotle ............................................. 150
        4.1.1  The Position ................................... 150
        4.1.2  Comparison with Systematicity Theory ........... 151
   4.1  Rene Descartes ........................................ 152
        4.2.1  The Position ................................... 152
        4.2.2  Comparison with Systematicity Theory ........... 154
   4.3  Immanuel Kant ......................................... 155
        4.3.1  The Position ................................... 155
        4.3.2  Comparison with Systematicity Theory ........... 158
   4.4  Logical Empiricism .................................... 159
        4.4.1 The Position .................................... 159
        4.4.2 Comparison with Systematicity Theory ............ 160
   4.5  Karl R. Popper ........................................ 161
        4.5.1  The Position ................................... 161
        4.5.2  Comparison with Systematicity Theory ........... 162
   4.6  Thomas S. Kuhn ........................................ 163
        4.6.1  The Position ................................... 163
        4.6.2  Comparison with Systematicity Theory ........... 164
   4.7  Paid K. Feyerabend .................................... 165
        4.7.1  The Position ................................... 166
        4.7.2  Comparison with Systematicity Theory ........... 168
   4.8  Nicholas Rescher ...................................... 170
        4.8.1  The Position ................................... 170
        4.8.2  Comparison with Systematicity Theory ........... 173
5  Consequences for Scientific Knowledge ...................... 176
   5.1  The Genesis and Dynamics of Science ................... 176
        5.1.1  Conceptual Clarifications ...................... 177
        5.1.2  The Genesis of a Science ....................... 180
        5.1.3  The Dynamics of Science ........................ 183
   5.2  Science and Common Sense .............................. 187
        5.2.1  The Preservation of Common Sense ............... 187
        5.2.2  The Deviations from Common Sense ............... 190
        5.2.3  Additional Remarh .............................. 193
   5.3  Normative Consequences ................................ 196
   5.4  Demarcation from Pseudoscience ........................ 199
        5.4.1  A Little History ............................... 200
        5.4.2  Systematicity Theory's Demarcation Criterion ... 203
6  Conclusion ................................................. 208

Notes ......................................................... 213
Literature Cited .............................................. 259
Index ......................................................... 279


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