Perera A.H. Ecology of wildfire residuals in boreal forests (Oxford; Chichester; Hoboken, 2014). - ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ / CONTENTS

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ОбложкаPerera A.H. Ecology of wildfire residuals in boreal forests / A.H.Perera, L.J.Buse. - Oxford; Chichester; Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell, 2014. - [14], 251 p.: ill. - Bibliogr. at the end of the chapters. - Ind.: p.247-251. - ISBN 978-1-4443-3653-5
 

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Оглавление / Contents
 
Acknowledgments ................................................ xi
About the companion website .................................. xiii

1  Introduction ................................................. 1
   The boreal forest biome ...................................... 2
      Geographical distribution ................................. 4
      Distinguishing features ................................... 6
   Boreal wildfires ............................................. 9
      Major characteristics ..................................... 9
      Ecological significance .................................. 11
   Goals and scope of the book ................................. 12
   References .................................................. 14
2  Formation of wildfire residuals ............................. 18
   Factors that affect the formation of residuals .............. 19
      Boreal forest communities ................................ 20
      Boreal wildfires ......................................... 31
   Residual formation and distribution ......................... 40
      Spatial heterogeneity in fire behavior ................... 41
      Process of residual formation ............................ 44
   Summary ..................................................... 59
   References .................................................. 61
3  Types of wildfire residuals and their extent ................ 65
   Types of wildfire residuals ................................. 66
      A post-wildfire scene .................................... 66
      Past descriptions of wildfire residuals .................. 71
   Abundance and extent of wildfire residuals .................. 79
      Snag residuals ........................................... 80
      Live tree residuals ...................................... 81
      Residual patches ......................................... 84
   Changes in residuals after wildfires ........................ 88
      Snag residuals ........................................... 88
      Live tree residuals ...................................... 89
      Residual patches ......................................... 92
   Toward improved definitions and assessment .................. 93
      Reasons for improvement .................................. 93
      Definitions of wildfire residuals ........................ 95
      Improved study approaches ............................... 103
   Summary .................................................... 107
   References ................................................. 113
4  Ecological roles of wildfire residuals ..................... 119
   Ecological processes involving snag residuals .............. 121
      Invasion by beetles ..................................... 121
      Colonization by woodpeckers ............................. 132
      Occupation by other bird species ........................ 140
      Forest regeneration ..................................... 142
   Roles of the residual patches .............................. 148
      Providing temporary shelter ............................. 149
      Supplementing the recovery .............................. 151
      Creating heterogeneity .................................. 161
      Ecological significance ................................. 161
   Wildfire residuals and the carbon cycle .................... 162
   Wildfire residuals and nutrient and hydrological cycles .... 165
   Summary .................................................... 168
   References ................................................. 173
5  Role of wildfire residuals in forest management
   applications ............................................... 184
   Restoring wildfire residuals ............................... 185
      Ecological expectations ................................. 186
      Considerations for application .......................... 187
      Challenges and uncertainties ............................ 190
   Emulating wildfire disturbance ............................. 191
      Background .............................................. 191
      Emulating wildfire residuals by forest harvest .......... 193
      Expectations and uncertainties .......................... 197
   Salvage logging ............................................ 202
      Background .............................................. 202
      Ecological consequences ................................. 204
      Practical considerations ................................ 212
      Uncertainties ........................................... 217
   Summary .................................................... 220
   References ................................................. 222
6  Ecology of boreal wildfire residuals - a summary and
   synthesis .................................................. 227
   Wildfire residuals and their occurrence .................... 227
      Residual vegetation types ............................... 228
      Spatial patterns of residuals ........................... 231
   Ecological roles of wildfire residuals ..................... 235
      Snag residuals .......................................... 235
      Residual patches ........................................ 236
      A conceptual view ....................................... 237
      Knowledge uncertainties ................................. 239
   Management applications and wildfire residuals ............. 240
      Salvage logging ......................................... 240
      Emulating wildfire disturbances ......................... 240
      Restoring wildfire residuals ............................ 242
      Suppressing fire ........................................ 243
   Research needs on wildfire residuals ....................... 243
      Advancing research methods .............................. 243
      Expanding research topics ............................... 244
   Conclusion ................................................. 245

Index ......................................................... 247


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