Crawford R.M.M. Tundra-taiga biology: human, plant, and animal survival in the Arctic (Oxford, 2014). - ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ / CONTENTS

Навигация

Архив выставки новых поступлений | Отечественные поступления | Иностранные поступления | Сиглы
ОбложкаCrawford R.M.M. Tundra-Taiga biology: human, plant, and animal survival in the Arctic. - Oxford: Oxford university press, 2014. - ix, 270 p.: ill. - Bibliogr.: p.250-263. - Ind.: p.264-270. - ISBN 978-0-19-955940-4
 

Место хранения: 02 | Отделение ГПНТБ СО РАН | Новосибирск

Оглавление / Contents
 
1  Arctic climate history ....................................... 1
   1.1  The concept of the Arctic ............................... 1
   1.2  Characteristics of polar climates ....................... 2
   1.3  Polar climatic history .................................. 9
   1.4  Cenozoic temperature changes ........................... 13
   1.5  Pleistocene climate changes ............................ 16
   1.6  Conclusions ............................................ 20
2  The Holocene at high latitudes .............................. 21
   2.1  After the ice age ...................................... 21
   2.2  Glacial refugia ........................................ 23
   2.3  Reconstructing past plant distributions ................ 28
   2.4  Pleistocene megafauna decline .......................... 34
   2.5  Pleistocene megafauna survival ......................... 41
   2.6  The Hypsithermal, or Xerothermic, or Climatic
        Optimum ................................................ 42
   2.7  Late Holocene climate fluctuations ..................... 44
3  Human arrival in the Arctic ................................. 51
   3.1  Prehistoric arctic peoples ............................. 51
   3.2  Indigenous peoples of Arctic Eurasia ................... 58
   3.3  Indigenous peoples of Arctic America ................... 61
   3.4  Adapting to unpredictable environments ................. 63
   3.5  Eurasian Reindeer herding .............................. 64
   3.6  Norse settlements across the North Atlantic ............ 64
   3.7  Northern peoples in recent times ....................... 68
4  Tundra diversity ............................................ 70
   4.1  Defining the Tundra .................................... 70
   4.2  Tundra classification .................................. 71
   4.3  Arctic bryophytes ...................................... 79
   4.4  Sequestration and refixation of soil carbon ............ 82
   4.5  Disturbance and diversity .............................. 82
   4.6  Tundra animal diversity ................................ 85
   4.7  Conclusions ............................................ 92
5  Taiga and bog ............................................... 93
   5.1  Boreal forest diversity ................................ 93
   5.2  The Tundra-Taiga Interface ............................. 94
   5.3  Fire in the boreal forest .............................. 97
   5.4  Taiga regeneration and the seed bank ................... 98
   5.5  Northern mires ........................................ 100
   5.6  Forest grazing ........................................ 106
   5.7  Boreal insects ........................................ 113
   5.8  Boreal forest carnivores .............................. 118
   5.9  Conclusions ........................................... 119
6  Arctic survival in mammals, birds and insects .............. 121
   6.1  Advantages and disadvantages of arctic habitats ....... 121
   6.2  Low temperature survival .............................. 121
   6.3  Low temperature protection ............................ 129
   6.4  Adaptation case studies ............................... 130
   6.5  Arctic terrestrial carnivores ......................... 136
   6.6  Arctic terrestrial birds .............................. 138
   6.7  Conclusions ........................................... 145
7  Plant survival in cold habitats ............................ 146
   7.1  Plant tolerance of cold ............................... 146
   7.2  Cold climate adaptations .............................. 147
   7.3  Metabolism and low temperatures ....................... 149
   7.4  Cold tolerance adaptations ............................ 151
   7.5  Ice-encasement injury ................................. 154
   7.6  Plant form and climate ................................ 156
   7.7  Conclusions ........................................... 163
8  Demography and reproduction ................................ 164
   8.1  Reproduction at high latitudes ........................ 164
   8.2  Human demography in the Arctic ........................ 164
   8.3  Longevity at high latitudes ........................... 167
   8.4  Predator-prey interactions ............................ 170
   8.5  Phenology and reproduction ............................ 173
   8.6  Plant reproduction .................................... 180
   8.7  Conclusions ........................................... 187
9  Evolution in the Arctic .................................... 190
   9.1  Pre-adaptation for arctic survival .................... 190
   9.2  Arctic evolutionary influences ........................ 190
   9.3  Evolution of seasonal bird migrations ................. 191
   9.4  Plant diversity and evolution at high latitudes ....... 198
   9.5  Arctic and boreal mammal lineages ..................... 206
   9.6  Human evolution at high latitudes ..................... 212
   9.7  Conclusions ........................................... 216
10 Disturbance, pollution, conservation, and the future ....... 217
   10.1 Disturbance at high latitudes ......................... 217
   10.2 Conservation case histories ........................... 219
   10.3 Pollution in the Arctic ............................... 233
   10.4 Radioactivity in the Arctic ........................... 241
   10.5 Conclusions ........................................... 243
   10.6 Coda - the future ..................................... 244

Glossary ...................................................... 246
References .................................................... 250
Index ......................................................... 264


Архив выставки новых поступлений | Отечественные поступления | Иностранные поступления | Сиглы
 


[О библиотеке | Академгородок | Новости | Выставки | Ресурсы | Библиография | Партнеры | ИнфоЛоция | Поиск | English]
  Пожелания и письма: www@prometeus.nsc.ru
© 1997-2019 Отделение ГПНТБ СО РАН (Новосибирск)
Статистика доступов: архив | текущая статистика
 

Документ изменен: Wed Feb 27 14:28:00 2019. Размер: 9,450 bytes.
Посещение N 592 c 06.10.2015