Bunzli-Trepp U. Systematic nomenclature of organic, organometallic and coordination chemistry: chemical-abstracts guidelines with IUPAC recommendations and many trivial names (Boca Raton, 2007). - ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ / CONTENTS

Навигация

Архив выставки новых поступлений | Отечественные поступления | Иностранные поступления | Сиглы
ОбложкаBunzli-Trepp U. Systematic nomenclature of organic, organometallic and coordination chemistry: chemical-abstracts guidelines with IUPAC recommendations and many trivial names. - Boca Raton: EPFL press, 2007. - x, 636 p.: ill. - (Fundamental sciences. Chemistry). - Incl. bibl. ref. - Ind.: p.609-636. - ISBN 978-2-940222-13-1; ISBN 978-1-4200-4615-1
 

Место хранения: 02 | Отделение ГПНТБ СО РАН | Новосибирск

Оглавление / Contents
 
1  Directions for Use of the Book ............................... l
2  Fundamentals ................................................. 3
   2.1  Nomenclature terms and definitions used in the Book ..... 3
   2.2  Conventions for enclosing marks and vowels in names ..... 9
        2.2.1  Enclosing marks .................................. 9
        2.2.2  Vowels ........................................... 9
3  Guide to Name Construction and Name Interpretation .......... 13
   3.1  General procedure and choice of the senior compound
        class (choice of the principal group) .................. 13
   3.2  Nomenclature types ..................................... 29
        3.2.1  Substitutive nomenclature ....................... 29
        3.2.2  Conjunctive nomenclature ........................ 30
        3.2.3  Multiplicative nomenclature: compounds with
               identical structural units ...................... 32
        3.2.4  Additive nomenclature ........................... 36
        3.2.5  Subtractive nomenclature ........................ 37
        3.2.6  Functional-class nomenclature ................... 38
   3.3  Determination of the molecular-skeleton parent ......... 41
   3.4  Numbering of the molecular-skeleton parent and of
        other structure components ............................. 49
   3.5  Alphabetical order of prefixes or parent-substituent
        names .................................................. 53
4  Molecular-Skeleton Parents .................................. 55
   4.1  Preliminary notes ...................................... 55
   4.2  Hydrocarbon chains ..................................... 55
   4.3  Heterochains ........................................... 61
        4.3.1  Preliminary notes ............................... 61
        4.3.2  Heterochains with irregularly placed
               heteroatoms: replacement nomenclature
               ('a'nomenclature) ............................... 61
        4.3.3  Heterochains with regularly placed
               heteroatoms: homogeneous and heterogeneous
               heterochains .................................... 62
   4.4  Carbomonocycles ........................................ 67
   4.5  Heteromonocycles ....................................... 73
        4.5.1  Preliminary notes ............................... 73
        4.5.2  Heteromonocycles with compulsory trivial names .. 73
        4.5.3  Heteromonocycles with ten or fewer ring
               members: extended Hantzsch-Widman nomenclature .. 76
        4.5.4  Heteromonocycles with more than ten ring
               members: replacement nomenclature
               ('a'nomenclature) ............................... 81
        4.5.5  Silicon-containing heteromonocycles ............. 82
   4.6  Fused polycycles (carbo- and heterocycles) ............. 85
        4.6.1  Preliminary notes ............................... 85
        4.6.2  Fused polycycles with compulsory semitrivial
               or trivial names ................................ 86
        4.6.3  Fused polycycles consisting of a parent
               component and attached components: fusion
               names ........................................... 95
        4.6.4  Fused polycycles with replacement names
               ('a'names) ..................................... 114
   4.7  von Baeyer bridged polycycles (carbo- and
        heterocycles) ......................................... 117
   4.8  Bridged fused polycycles (carbo- and heterocycles) .... 123
   4.9  Spiropolycycles (carbo-and heterocycles) .............. 133
        4.9.1  Preliminary notes .............................. 133
        4.9.2  Spiropolycycles with carbomonocycle or
               heteromonocycle components ..................... 133
        4.9.3  Spiropolycycles with at least one fused-
               polycycle component or one von Baeyer
               bridged-polycycle component .................... 135
   4.10 Ring assemblies of identical ring components
        (carbo- and heterocycles) ............................. 141
5  Substituent Prefixes ....................................... 145
   5.1  Preliminary notes ..................................... 145
   5.2  Prefixes of mononuclear substituents .................. 145
   5.3  Prefixes of hydrocarbon-chain substituents ............ 146
   5.4  Prefixes of heterochain substituents .................. 147
   5.5  Prefixes of carbocycle substituents ................... 148
   5.6  Prefixes of heterocycle substituents .................. 150
   5.7  Prefixes of ring-assembly substituents ................ 152
   5.8  Prefixes of composite substituents: choice of the
        parent substituent .................................... 153
   5.9  Prefixes of carbonyl-containing substituents and
        analogs ............................................... 156
6  Compound Classes ........................................... 159
   6.1  Preliminary notes ..................................... 159
   6.2  Radicals .............................................. 161
        6.2.1  Preliminary notes .............................. 161
        6.2.2  Radical center at a molecular-skeletal parent .. 161
        6.2.3  Radical center at a characteristic group ....... 163
        6.2.4  Polyradicals ................................... 167
   6.3  Cations ............................................... 169
        6.3.1  Preliminary notes .............................. 169
        6.3.2  Cation center by the formal addition of
               electrophiles E+ ............................... 169
        6.3.3  Cation center by the formal removal of
               hydride ions H- ................................ 175
        6.3.4  Cation center resulting from skeletal bonding
               of a heteroatom ................................ 178
        6.3.5  Cation center in spiropolycycles ............... 180
        6.3.6  Cation substituents (prefixes) ................. 182
        6.3.7  Polycations .................................... 184
   6.4  Anions ................................................ 187
        6.4.1  Preliminary notes .............................. 187
        6.4.2  Anion center by the formal removal of
               protons H+ ..................................... 188
        6.4.3  Anion center by the formal addition of
               hydride ions H- ................................ 193
        6.4.4  Anion substituents (prefixes) .................. 193
        6.4.5  Polyanions ..................................... 194
   6.5  Zwitterions ........................................... 195
   6.6  Radical ions .......................................... 199
   6.7  Carboxylic, carbothioic, carboselenoic,
        carbotelluroic, carbohydrazonic, carboximidic, and
        corresponding carboperoxoic acids and salts ........... 203
        6.7.1  Preliminary notes .............................. 203
        6.7.2  Carboxylic acids ............................... 203
        6.7.3  Carbothioic, carboselenoic, carbotelluroic,
               carbohydrazonic, and carboximidic acids ........ 214
        6.7.4  Carboperoxoic acids (peroxy acids) and their
               chalcogeno, hydrazono, and imido replacement
               analogs ........................................ 218
        6.7.5  Salts of carboxylic acids and of their
               chalcogeno, hydrazono, imido, and peroxy
               replacement analogs ............................ 220
   6.8  Sulfonic, sulfinic, and sulfenic acids, selenonic,
        seleninic, and selenenic acids, telluronic,
        tellurinic, and tellurenic acids, their chalcogeno,
        hydrazono, imido, and peroxy replacement analogs,
        and corresponding salts ............................... 223
   6.9  C-Oxoacids: carbonic and formic acid and their
        replacement analogs and corresponding salts ........... 229
   6.10 S-,Se-,Te-,andN-Oxoacids .............................. 237
   6.11 P-and As-Oxoacids ..................................... 243
   6.12 Sb-,Bi-,Si-,and B-Oxoacids ............................ 253
   6.13 Anhydrides ............................................ 257
   6.14 Esters and lactones ................................... 267
   6.15 Acid halides .......................................... 285
   6.16 Amides, lactams, cyclic imides, and amidines .......... 295
   6.17 Hydrazides ............................................ 313
   6.18 Nitriles .............................................. 321
   6.19 Aldehydes and their oxime and hydrazone derivatives ... 325
   6.20 Ketones and their oxime and hydrazone derivatives ..... 333
   6.21 Alcohols and phenols .................................. 347
   6.22 Hydroperoxides ........................................ 355
   6.23 Amines ................................................ 359
   6.24 Imines ................................................ 367
   6.25 Nitrogen compounds .................................... 371
   6.26 Phosphorus and arsenic compounds ...................... 383
   6.27 Antimony and bismuth compounds ........................ 391
   6.28 Boron compounds ....................................... 397
   6.29 Silicon, germanium, tin, and lead compounds ........... 403
   6.30 Oxygen compounds ...................................... 409
   6.31 Sulfur, selenium, and tellurium compounds ............. 415
   6.32 Carbon compounds ...................................... 425
   6.33 Halogen compounds ..................................... 429
   6.34 Organometallic and coordination compounds ............. 433

Appendixes .................................................... 487
A.l  Specialist nomenclatures ................................. 487
     A.1.1  Preliminary notes ................................. 487
     A.1.2  Alkaloids ......................................... 487
     A.1.3  Amino acids and peptides .......................... 490
     A.1.4  Carbohydrates ..................................... 494
     A.1.5  Cyclitols ......................................... 509
     A.1.6  Nucleosides, nucleotides, and nucleic acids ....... 510
     A.1.7  Steroids .......................................... 516
     A.1.8  Terpenes, carotenoids, and retinoids .............. 520
     A.1.9  Vitamins .......................................... 526
     A.1.10 Porphyrins and bile pigments ...................... 529
     A.1.11 Polymers .......................................... 531
     A.1.12 References for specific compound classes,
            Internet addresses, and nomenclature software ..... 536
A.2  Multiplying affixes ...................................... 539
A.3  Modifying syllables ...................................... 541
A.4  Heteroatom syllables and element names ................... 543
A.5  Indicated H atom 'H'(indicated hydrogen) ................. 547
A.6  Configuration descriptors in names ....................... 557
     A.6.1  Definitions ....................................... 557
     A.6.2  The CIP system for the specification of the
            configuration of a stereogenic center, axis or
            plane, or double bond ............................. 559
     A.6.3  Stereodescriptors for the denotation of the
            absolute and relative configuration in names ...... 571
     A.6.4  Configuration of organometallic and coordination
            compounds ......................................... 582
A.7  Lambda (λ) convention .................................... 593
A.8  Isotopically modified compounds .......................... 599
     A.8.1  Preliminary notes ................................. 599
     A.8.2  Isotopically modified compounds: IUPAC
            Recommendations ................................... 600
     A.8.3  Isotopically modified compounds: CA Guidelines .... 601

Index ......................................................... 609

Tables
   Tab.3.1  Substituents cited only as prefixes ................ 18
   Tab.3.2  Compound classes and characteristic groups
            (ending or prefix), listed in the order of
            decreasing seniority for the choice of the
            principal group .................................... 19
   Tab.3.3  Prefixes of frequently occurring multivalent
            linking substituents ............................... 34
   Tab.4.1  Final syllables for Hantzsch-Widman names .......... 78
   Tab.4.2  Fundamental fused carbopolycycles with
            semitrivial or trivial names ....................... 89
   Tab.4.3  Fundamental heterocycles with semitrivial or
            trivial names: monocycles and fused polycycles ..... 91
   Tab.4.4  Bridge names for bridged fused polycycles ......... 126
   Tab.6.1  Acid halide suffixes for halides of carboxylic,
            formic, sulfonic, sulfinic, and sulfenic acids
            and analogs ....................................... 286
   Tab.6.2  Amide suffixes and prefixes for amides of
            carboxylic, formic, sulfonic, sulfinic, and
            sulfenic acids and analogs ........................ 298
   Tab.6.3  Compound classes for R-X with -X =-CN, -NC,
            -OCN, etc., and -NCO, etc., and R = alkyl or
            aryl .............................................. 321
   Tab.6.4  Ligand abbreviations for use in formulas and
            corresponding names ............................... 472
   Tab.A.1  Multiplying affixes expressing the multiple
            occurrence of a simple substituent or
            modification, an unsaturation, a heteroatom,
            a simple ligand, or a central atom. Numerical
            syllables for the designation of a hydrocarbon
            or 'a' name ....................................... 540
   Tab.A.2  Heteroatom syllables or 'a' syllables, listed in
            decreasing seniority order, as well as element
            names and 'ate' names for organometallic and
            coordination compounds, listed in increasing
            seniority order ................................... 543
   Tab.A.3  Polyhedral symbols ................................ 582
   Tab.A.4  Frequently occurring nuclide symbols for the
            designation of isotopically modified compounds .... 599


Архив выставки новых поступлений | Отечественные поступления | Иностранные поступления | Сиглы
 


[О библиотеке | Академгородок | Новости | Выставки | Ресурсы | Библиография | Партнеры | ИнфоЛоция | Поиск | English]
  Пожелания и письма: www@prometeus.nsc.ru
© 1997-2019 Отделение ГПНТБ СО РАН (Новосибирск)
Статистика доступов: архив | текущая статистика
 

Документ изменен: Wed Feb 27 14:27:50 2019. Размер: 18,460 bytes.
Посещение N 850 c 08.09.2015