Josephson P.R. New Atlantis revisited: Akademgorodok, the Siberian city of science (Princeton, 1997). - ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ / CONTENTS
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ОбложкаJosephson P.R. New Atlantis revisited: Akademgorodok, the Siberian city of science. - Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997. - xxii, 351 p.: ill. - Incl. bibl. ref. - Ind.: p.344-349. - ISBN 0691-04454-6
 

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Оглавление / Contents
 
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ............................................... vii

NOTE ON TRANSLITERATION ........................................ xi

INTRODUCTION ................................................. xiii

CHAPTER ONE
From Moscow, Leningrad, and Ukraine to the Golden Valley ........ 3
   Lavrentev Meets Novosibirsk .................................. 5
   Khrushchev and Akademgorodok ................................. 8
   A City of Science in Siberia ................................ 10
   The Era of the Lowly Brick Has Ended! ....................... 14
   The Soviet Scientific Hardware Store ........................ 21
   Cadres Decide Everything .................................... 23
   Utopia in the Golden Valley ................................. 31

CHAPTER TWO
Colliding Beams and Open Traps ................................. 43
   The Atom in Soviet Culture .................................. 45
   A Home for Wayward Accelerators in Siberia .................. 50
   Colliding Beams ............................................. 54
   Electron Cooling and Acceleration of Heavy Particles ........ 59
   Big Science and Industrial Accelerators ..................... 61
   Fusion and the Promise of Virtually Unlimited Energy ........ 67
   Akademgorodok Spring (with Apologies to Czechoslovakia) ..... 77
   Siberian Physics in the 1990s ............................... 79

CHAPTER THREE
Siberia—Land of Eternally Green Tomatoes ....................... 82
   The Nine Lives of Trofim Dеnisovich Lysenko ................. 83
   Genetics Underground ........................................ 87
   Napoleon to the Rescue ..................................... 100
   The Institute of Cytology and Genetics: Personalities and
   Growing Pains .............................................. 103
   The Institute without Walls Opens Its Doors ................ 108
   The Industrialization of Agriculture ....................... 111
   Will There, Be Green Tomatoes in the 1990s? ................ 116

CHAPTER FOUR
Machines Can Think, but Can Humans? ........................... 120
   Soviet Cybernetics and Computers in the 1950s and 1960s .... 121
   Akademgorodok's Computer Troika ............................ 124
   The Development of the Computer in the USSR ................ 128
   Informatization versus Computerization ..................... 130
   Ershov Arrives at Akademgorodok ............................ 133
   The Computer Center's Research Program, 1960-1990 .......... 138
   Automated Management Systems ............................... 150
   Artificial Intelligence in Akademgorodok ................... 153
   Computer Science Enters the 1990s .......................... 159

CHAPTER FIVE
Siberian Scientists and the Engineers of Nature ............... 163
   Siberia Faces the Shovel and Ax ............................ 167
   Paper Mills and Pure Water ................................. 172
   Baikal Meets the Bulldozer ................................. 183
   The Siberian Rivers Diversion Project ...................... 185
   "Projects of the Century" Fall on Hard Times ............... 191
   Baikal, Diversion, and Siberian Development under
   Gorbachev and Yeltsin ...................................... 197

CHAPTER SIX
The Siberian Algorithm ........................................ 204
   Economic Science from Stalin's Moscow to Akademgorodok ..... 205
   Aganbegian Arrives at Akademgorodok ........................ 210
   Economics East of the Urals ................................ 212
   Siberian Economics Research under Aganbegian ............... 217
   Taylorism Revisited ........................................ 218
   Kantorovich and Linear Programming in Siberia .............. 220
   Applied Economic Research for Siberian Development ......... 224
   BAM—Magistral of the Century ............................... 229
   Sociology Reborn: Tatiana Zaslavskaia in Akademgorodok ..... 232
   Discontent in the Soviet Countryside ....................... 239
   The Novosibirsk Report ..................................... 243
   Market Relations and Political Turmoil ..................... 249

CHAPTER SEVEN
Crackdown: The Communist Party and Academic Freedom
   in Akademgorodok ........................................... 263
   What If They Gave a Party and the Scientists Came? ......... 265
   The Partkom of Akademgorodok ............................... 273
   Science and Politics in Soviet Russia ...................... 277
   The Innovation Beltway ..................................... 281
   Science and Ideology in Akademgorodok ...................... 289
   Ideological Showdown ....................................... 296
   An End to Academic Freedom ................................. 302

EPILOGUE ...................................................... 305

NOTES ......................................................... 311

INDEX ......................................................... 343


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